FAQ on Republic Act No. 9048 (2023)

What You Need To Know About


Republic Act 9048
Act Authorizing the C/MCR or Consul General
to Correct a Clerical or Typographical Error
in an Entry and/or Change of First Name
or Nickname in the Civil Register
Without Need of a Judicial
Order

WHAT IS REPUBLIC ACT 9048?

Republic Act (RA) 9048 authorizes the city or municipal civil registrar or the consul general to correct a clerical or typographical error in an entry and/or change the first name or nickname in the civil register without need of a judicial order.

RA 9048 amends Articles 376 and 412 of the Civil Code of the Philippines, which prohibit the change of name or surname of a person, or any correction or change of entry in a civil register without a judicial order.

President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo approved the act on 22 March 2001. With the law taking effect on 22 April 2001, the Civil Registrar-General promulgated Administrative Order No. 1 Series of 2001, which was published in the newspaper in August that year.

WHAT CORRECTIONS CAN BE MADE BY RA 9048?

RA 9048 allows these corrections:

correction of clerical or typographical errors in any entry in civil registry documents, except corrections involving the change in sex, age, nationality and status of a person.

(Video) R.A. 9048 and R.A. 10172 : Wrong Entry, How to Correct and Where To File Petition

(A clerical or typographical error refers to an obvious mistake committed in clerical work, either in writing, copying, transcribing, or typing an entry in the civil register that is harmless and innocuous, such as a misspelled name or misspelled place of birth and the like, and can be corrected or changed only by reference to other existing record or records.)

change of a person's first name in his/her civil registry document under certain grounds specified under the law through administrative process.

WHAT ARE THE CONDITIONS UNDER RA 9048 THAT THE PETITIONER NEEDS TO COMPLY WITH?

(1) The petitioner finds the first name or nickname to be ridiculous, tainted with dishonor or extremely difficult to write or pronounce;

(2) The new first name or nickname has been habitually and continuously used by the petitioner and he has been publicly known by that first name or nickname in the community; or,

(3) The change will avoid confusion.

WHO MAY FILE THE PETITION?

Whether it is for correction of clerical or typographical error, or for change of first name, the petition may be filed by a person of legal age who must have a direct and personal interest in the correction of the error or in the change of first name in the civil register.

A person is considered of legal age when he is eighteen years old and above. Thus, a minor (less than eighteen years old) cannot by himself file a petition, either for correction of clerical or typographical error or for change of his first name.

Only the following persons are considered to have a direct and personal interest in the correction of clerical error or change of first name:

(Video) Correction of a Clerical or Typographical Error in the Birth Certificate

Owner of the record that contains the error to be corrected or first name to be changed


Owner's spouse, children, parents, brothers, sisters, grandparents, guardian, or any other person duly authorized by law or by the owner of the document sought to be corrected.

WHAT SHOULD BE THE FORM AND CONTENT OF THE PETITION?

The petition, whether it is for correction of clerical error or for a change of first name, should be accomplished properly and in the prescribed form. Section 5 of RA 9048 and Rule 8 of Administrative Order No. 1, S. 2001 require that the petition should be in the form of an affidavit, hence, it should be subscribed and sworn to before a person authorized to administer oath.

Basically, the petition must contain the following facts or information:

Merits of the petition
Competency of the petitioner
Erroneous entry to be corrected and proposed correction; first name to be changed and the proposed new first name

WHAT SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS ARE REQUIRED FOR CORRECTING A CLERICAL OR TYPOGRAPHICAL ERROR IN A CIVIL REGISTRY DOCUMENT?

The petition shall not be processed unless the petitioner supports it with the required documents. The supporting documents should be authentic and genuine, otherwise, the petition shall be denied or disapproved pursuant to Rule 5.8 of Administrative Order No. 1, S. 2001. The following supporting documents are admissible as basic requirements:

Certified machine copy of the certificate containing the alleged erroneous entry or entries

Not less than 2 public or private documents upon which the correction shall be based. Examples of these documents are the following: baptismal certificate, voter's affidavit, employment record, GSIS/SSS record, medical record, school record, business record, driver's license, insurance, land titles, certificate of land transfer, bank passbook, NBI/police clearance, civil registry records of ascendants, and others.

Notice and Certificate of Posting

Certified machine copy of the Official Receipt of the filing fee

Other documents as may be required by the City/Municipal Civil Registrar (C/MCR)

WHAT ARE THE SUPPORTING PAPERS FOR CHANGE OF FIRST NAME?

(Video) Burth Certificate: Administrative vs. Judicial Correction

As in the case of correction of clerical error, no petition for change of first name shall be accepted unless the petitioner submits the required supporting papers, as follows:

All the documents required of the petitioner for the correction of clerical error shall also be required of the petitioner for change of first name.

Clearance from authorities such as clearance from employer, if employed; the National Bureau of Investigation; the Philippine National Police; and other clearances as may be required by the concerned C/MCR.

Proof of Publication. An affidavit of publication from the publisher and copy of the newspaper clippings should be attached.

HOW MUCH IS THE FEE IN FILING A PETITION?

The C/MCR and the District/Circuit Registrar (D/CR) are authorized to collect from every petitioner the following rates of filing fees:

One thousand pesos (P1,000.00) for the correction of clerical error

Three thousand pesos (P3,000.00) for the change of first name

In the case of a petition filed with the Consul General (CG), the fees are the same for all Philippine Consulates. The fees are the following:

Fifty U.S. dollars ($50.00) for the correction of clerical or typographical error

One hundred fifty U.S. dollars ($150.00) for the change of first name

A migrant petitioner shall pay an additional service fee to the Petition Receiving Civil Registrar (PRCR).

This service fee shall accrue to the local treasury of the PRCR.

Five hundred pesos (P500.00) for correction of clerical or typographical error

One thousand pesos (P1,000.00) for change of first name

(Video) Atty. Libayan Free Daily Legal Advice | Change of Name with the LCR | Republic Act (RA) 9048

WHERE SHOULD THE PETITION BE FILED?

The general rule is that petition shall be filed with the Local Civil Registry Office (LCRO) where the record containing the clerical error to be corrected or first name to be changed is kept. Included in this general rule is the case of the Office of the Clerk of Shari'a Court where records of divorces, revocations of divorces, conversions to Islam are kept and where some Muslim marriages are registered.

However, in case the petitioner is a migrant within or outside the Philippines, meaning his present residence or domicile is different from where his civil registry record or records are registered, he may file the petition in the nearest LCRO in his area. His petition will be treated as a migrant petition.


For further inquiries, write, call or visit:

PHILIPPINE STATISTICS AUTHORITY

3/F Vibal Building

Times Street cor. EDSA, West Triangle

Quezon City, 1100

Telephone: (02) 926-7333

Fax: (02) 926-7329 / 926-9973


E-mail: E.Orcilla@psa.gov.ph

(Video) DO YOU WANT TO CORRECT ERRONEOUS ENTRIES IN YOUR BIRTH CERTIFICATE?


Tune in to PSA SERBILIS SA RADYO, the regular
PSA segment over DZRB-Radyo ng Bayan (738 KHz)
every Saturday from 6:15 - 7:00 AM.

FAQs

Can you legally change your first name in the Philippines? ›

RA 9048 amends Articles 376 and 412 of the Civil Code of the Philippines, which prohibit the change of name or surname of a person, or any correction or change of entry in a civil register without a judicial order.

How much does it cost to change your first name in the Philippines? ›

How much is the fee in filing a petition? The C/MCR and the District/Circuit Registrar (D/CR) are authorized to collect from every petitioner Three Thousand Pesos (P3,000.00) for the change of first name.

How do I fix my birth certificate gender error in the Philippines? ›

According to R.A. 10172, an incorrect gender is considered a clerical and/or typographical error and can be corrected by filing a petition for correction at the LCR where the birth certificate is registered. This also applies for when you need to have the month and date of your birthday corrected.

What are the grounds for change of name Philippines? ›

The Philippines Supreme Court declared that the only grounds for change of name are: When the name is ridiculous, dishonorable or difficult to write or pronounce. When the change is a result of legal proceedings, such as legitimation (i.e. when an illegitimate child's father is legally recognized as his father)

What is the rules to change the name? ›

Broadly classified, the procedure for name change involves only three steps: Make an affidavit for change of name. Place newspaper advertisement with details of change of name. Submit papers to The Department of Publication.

How many times can you change your name? ›

More details. You can change your name as many times as you want.

Can I get a passport if my name is different on my birth certificate? ›

No, the names on the passport and the birth certificate must be the same. If you have changed your name on your birth certificate then you need to file an application at the passport office to change the same.

Can I change my name in birth certificate? ›

Luckily, it's possible to correct a mistake in your birth certificate concerning your first name. You only need to file a petition for correction of clerical error under the provisions of the amended Republic Act (RA) 9048.

Can I change my child's surname without the father permission Philippines? ›

If you're a mother and want to change a child's surname to yours, you would need a court order, but the Supreme Court has previously ruled that a child's change of surname may only be granted when they reach legal age and can decide on their own.

How do I correct a birth certificate error without going to court? ›

As a general rule, no entry in the civil register shall be changed or corrected without a judicial order. Hence, the usual process for correcting errors in the birth certificate is to file a petition in court.

How do I change my incorrect information on my birth certificate? ›

To make a simple change to typographical errors, simply file a petition with the Local Civil Registry Office (LCRO) in the city or municipality that keeps your birth certificate.

What to do if there is a discrepancy in birth certificate? ›

Process: Go to the Local Civil Registrar and verify that a Correction of Clerical Entry Birth Certificate is what you need to file. Make sure to ask about the documents required. You'll need to fill up the form, attach your documents, and submit this during your interview with the Local Civil Registrar.

What are the grounds for change of first name under RA 9048 otherwise known as the clerical error? ›

Grounds for Change of First Name or Nickname. - The petition for change of first name or nickname may be allowed in any of the following cases: The petitioner finds the first name or nickname to be ridiculous, tainted with dishonor or extremely difficult to write or pronounce.

What should be the reason for name change? ›

People change names for different reasons, whether it is for religion change, marriage, numerology, astrology, or even for no reason at all. It is perfectly fine for anybody to change the name in India unless it is not for any illegal or fraudulent activity.

What are the documents reqUired for changing the name? ›

One of the following documents:

Marriage document. Divorce decree. Certificate of naturalization showing a new name. Court order for a name change.

When can you change your name without permission? ›

Wait until your child is 16 years old

When your child is 16, they can legally change their own name — without their parents' consent. If your child is nearly 16, it may be easier to just wait until they can change it themselves.

Can you change your name without telling anyone? ›

There are Legitimate Reasons to Keep Your Name Change in Secret. If you're not in that kind of danger, you can still get a Legal Name Change. But the California Name Change laws (CCP Section 1275-1279.5) require you to publicly file your Petition and publish ads.

What is the first thing to do to change your name? ›

Assuming you're seeking to change your name through a formal legal name change, your first step is to go to the correct court and file a petition. Generally, you're also required to give notice of your name change through a local newspaper. The notice states that you've filed a petition for a name change.

Can a person change their entire name? ›

People choose to change their legal names for an array of reasons and, sometimes, for no reason as all. It's perfectly legal unless it is for fraudulent or deceptive purposes. Here are some of the most popular reasons people decide to change their names.

What happens when you change your name? ›

After obtaining a court order granting a name change, you should update important identification records, including your driver's license or other state-issued identification, birth certificate, Social Security card, and your passport.

How much does it cost to change your real name? ›

Name changes cost anywhere from under $100 to more than $500, depending on your state. In many states, fees vary in each county, so check with your local probate, family, or district court clerk. Many states still have fees well under $100.

What happens if you have 2 birth certificate? ›

What happens when a person has two birth certificates registered? In the PSA's Guidelines for Brenlinking and Unlinking of Two or More Civil Registry Documents loaded in the CRS database, the first or earlier date of registration shall prevail and must be issued to the client.

Do all birth certificates have parents names? ›

Full Birth Certificates

The certificate will normally include full name of child, mother's name, father's name (when registered) DoB, where born and registration district.

Is birth certificate important for passport? ›

As per the passport rules of 1980, for all the applicants who were born after 26th January 1989, had to provide the birth certificate as the proof for date of birth, along with documents required for a passport.

How do I correct my middle name on my birth certificate? ›

A petition in court should be filed to correct the middle name of the child and the last name of the mother in the birth certificate. The error is not already considered as clerical which can be corrected administratively through R.A. 9048.

How long does it take to change your name? ›

Changing your name cannot be done overnight, it requires systematic planning and involves a host of complicated pre and post-gazette publication compliance. While it might take approximately 4-8 weeks to get your name changed published in the gazette.

Can illegitimate children use father's surname? ›

The law allows the child to use the father's surname but does not change the status of the child from illegitimate to legitimate. The Affidavit to Use the Surname of the Father (AUSF) is executed by the mother or the guardian of the child that allows the use of the surname of the father.

Can I change my child's surname if father is absent? ›

It's possible to change your child's name by deed poll if the father is absent. If dad is absent from your child/children's life, it's possible to change your child's/children's names by deed poll.

Can mother change child's surname without father's consent? ›

Can the parent and stepparent alone change the child's name? A. No, they must have the written agreement of anyone else with parental responsibility or if not, consent of the Court. Q.

How can I change my father's name in birth certificate Philippines? ›

What to do: Bring a PSA copy of the birth certificate to the Civil Registry office. Bring notarized supporting documents: Affidavit of Admission of Paternity,, Affidavit to Use the Surname of the Father, among others. The local civil registry office will then submit a petition to the PSA for approval.

Can I change birth certificate address? ›

Please file an application before the concerned authority to appropriate corrections . If the authority is not ready to accept the application , then file writ petition before the High court. The court will issue a direction to the authority to change the address.

Can an error in a birth certificate be corrected? ›

Sometimes an incorrect name on a birth certificate isn't caused by a spelling or typing mistake. The person registering the birth may have provided the wrong given name, for example. You can also have this corrected by the Registrar of Births, Deaths, Marriages and Registered Partnerships.

How do I alter a certificate? ›

Editing a trusted certificate
  1. In the application web interface, select the Settings → Built-in proxy server → Trusted certificates section.
  2. In the trusted certificates table, select the certificate whose settings you want to modify. ...
  3. Click Edit. ...
  4. Make the relevant changes.
  5. Click Save.

Can a birth certificate be Cancelled Philippines? ›

Rule 108 of the Rules of Court refers to cancellation and/or correction of entries in the Certificate of Live Birth. If there is good and valid ground the entries can be canceled and/or corrected.

What is Affidavit of discrepancy? ›

This affidavit states under oath that documents containing different versions of your name refer to you.

Is it compulsory for a woman to change her name after marriage? ›

A woman can choose if she wants to continue with the surname she has been living with throughout her life, replace her existing surname with that of her husband's or add her husband's surname to her existing one. It is completely her choice, and no law in India demands a woman to change her surname after marriage.

Is change of name compulsory after marriage? ›

“Under the marriage Act, there is no requirement for maiden name and there is also no law which permits the children to use their mother's maiden name,” he said. According to Agwu, issues such as a woman's insistence on the use of her maiden name are responsible for misunderstandings in marriages.

When did RA 9048 take effect? ›

9048, which took effect on 22 April 2001, the following rules and regulations are hereby promulgated for the information, guidance and compliance of all concerned parties. Article 376 of the Civil Code provides that "No person can change his name or surname without judicial authority.".

What are the advantages and disadvantages of changing name? ›

Here are a few things to think about:
  • Pro: You have all of the options you could ever want. Generally speaking, you can pick any name you desire. ...
  • Con: It's not free. ...
  • Pro: You can leave behind a trendy name. ...
  • Con: You have to tell everyone about the change. ...
  • The legal process.
31 Oct 2018

What is the benefit of changing last name? ›

It's an opportunity to drop a maiden name you dislike.

You can be rid of the unpronounceable, clunky, difficult-to-spell moniker at last. You might also consider adopting your husband's surname if you want to distance yourself from your family of origin or a negative reputation associated with your family name.

What prevents you from changing your name? ›

A judge may also object, and Deny a Name Change, if the judge thinks the name change might cause harm, injury or public confusion. Unresolved, very significant or recent criminal history might well be a reason a Judge may not allow an adult to change names, even if no other person objects.

What is the procedure of change the name? ›

The name change procedure in India includes 3 steps:

Affidavit Submission: An affidavit needs to be prepared for the name change. Ad Publication: An announcement should be published in the newspaper. Gazette Notification: A notification should be published in the Gazette of India regarding the name change.

How much is it to change your name on PSA? ›

Payment of one thousand Pesos (P1,000.00) as filing fee. For petitions filed abroad a fee of $50.00 or equivalent value in local currency shall be collected; Other documents which may be required by the concerned civil registrar.

Can I change my name to just my first name? ›

Yes, it's just your first name but in order to legally change it you need to file a petition for name change in the county where you live. However, it's typically not needed to change your first name if you have a formal name like Matthew and you want your name to appear as Matt on sensitive documents.

Can you legally remove your middle name Philippines? ›

Middle names, on the other hand, are not regulated by law, although the Filipino custom is to use the mother's surname as the child's middle name. Still, you cannot drop or delete your middle name.

Is it legal to just have a first name? ›

As for changing your name to a mononym, this is generally impossible in the US in all but the most exceptional of circumstances. As a result, only a handful of US citizens have Passports listing a single name.

How long is the process of correction of birth certificate? ›

It takes 1-3 months for the Central Civil Registrar to process this. It is advisable to follow up. After the Office of the Civil Registrar General affirms your Petition, you will send it back to your Local Civil Registrar for Certification.

How do I correct an error on my PSA birth certificate? ›

A misspelled last name should also be corrected by filing a petition for correction of clerical error under the provisions of R.A. 9048. All the provisions stated above for such petition for correction for blurred last name on a PSA birth certificate also apply for misspelled last names.

Can I change my name without anyone knowing? ›

There are Legitimate Reasons to Keep Your Name Change in Secret. If you're not in that kind of danger, you can still get a Legal Name Change. But the California Name Change laws (CCP Section 1275-1279.5) require you to publicly file your Petition and publish ads.

What is a good reason to change your first name? ›

A name change request can come about simply because a person doesn't like his or her name as given at birth. Perhaps they'd prefer something more unique than Britney or Ashley or something less unique than a homespun name that combined parents' names.

What do you do if your middle name is wrong? ›

A petition in court should be filed to correct the middle name of the child and the last name of the mother in the birth certificate.

Is is mandatory to have middle name in the Philippines? ›

Lagdameo said, ordinarily, the full name of a person consists of a given name, a middle name which is the last name of the mother and the surname, last name or family name. He said, in all cases, however, a person is not required to include a middle name in the full name of a person.

Is middle name mandatory? ›

In the 20th century, the use of middle names, especially one's mother's maiden name, was more widely adopted, although it is by no means mandatory.

Can I use two names legally? ›

Legally you should only have 1 legal name. HOWEVER you can have shortened or abbreviated names, nicknames and assumed names. Assumed names can be registered in county or state offices in the US.

Can you have two names as a first name? ›

A double name, or double-barreled first name, is often seen in Southern naming traditions and is when you choose two names for your little, often joined by a hyphen. It is an excellent option for those seeking unique baby names.

Can you own the rights to a name? ›

You can trademark your name if it has business or commercial value. Trademarking your name gives you an additional brand and keeps others from using your name. To trademark your name you must meet specific requirements with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

Videos

1. PROBLEMA SA BIRTH CERTIFICATE PAANO IPAPA-CORRECT? (2021)|Wrong Middle Name Error
(Marlon Gime)
2. MAY PROBLEMA KA BA SA BIRTH CERTIFICATE MO? (R.A. 9048)
(Reality Talk by Ms. A)
3. Birth Certificate Correction 2022 | RA 9048 Petition for Correction of Clerical Error | Story 10
(Aime and HERstories)
4. Interview on Change of Name and/or RA 9048
(Atty Cernick Abad Official)
5. Momshie Tip's(for Correction of Clerical Error UNDER RA 9048)
(Jeanevibe Rogero)
6. Change of First Name or Nickname
(Atty. Lou Corina Lacambra)
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