Formal steps for beginning your doctorate (2022)

Doctoral studies in Heidelberg – administrative procedures

Each of the 13 academic faculties of Heidelberg University independently regulates and governs doctoral training and is responsible for admitting and registering its own doctoral candidates. The formal procedures that you must carry out depend on whether you choose individual doctoral training or a structured doctoral program.

If you need a visa to travel to Germany, please refer to our webpage

"Regulations for entering and living in Germany"

for information on visa requirements and applications.

How to begin your doctoral studies – step by step

Step 1:
Finding a

Hints for contacting a supervisor

Every doctoral candidate at Heidelberg University must have an academic supervisor who provides advice and support in the following areas:

  • choosing a topic and methodology,
  • planning the project,
  • writing and revising the dissertation,
  • pursuing additional professional skills and qualifications.

Your academic supervisor can be a professor, associate professor or a junior group leader in your subject area. In order to find a supervisor the first step is to identify the department or institute in which your intended research field is located.

Please note that professors are not obligated to take on doctoral candidates, even if the individual candidates fulfil the formal requirements.

We recommend that you allow yourself plenty of time to find a doctoral supervisor. You can start with the list of University faculties. You may also search for research groups and professors in:

  • the University’s various central research institutions;
  • at external research institutes that cooperate with the University;
  • or in interdisciplinary research alliances.

The websites of some faculties and institutes are available only in German. In such cases, you can use the following terms to search for more information about professors and research fields:

  • Research groups (Forschungsgruppen or Lehrstühle),
  • Research areas (Forschungsgebiete),
  • Research (Forschung),
  • Faculty, Staff, Members (Mitarbeiter, Mitglieder, Personen),
  • Publications (Publikationen).

When you have located professors or research groups that match your research interests, you can contact them to introduce yourself and your planned project. It is also helpful to have a short description of your project available. The individual websites of the University’s research groups and professors provide information about their current research topics as well as their contact information.

Please be aware that the Graduate Academy and other University offices are not able to make contact with potential supervisors on your behalf.

Step 2:

The doctoral agreement

In the doctoral agreement, the doctoral supervisor and the doctoral candidate set down the framework of the doctoral project including the duration of the project, the reporting schedule, the resources that are to be made available, any additional qualifications the doctoral candidate should attain etc. The doctoral agreement form can be found on the website of your Faculty.

The doctoral agreement is the first step towards applying for admission as a doctoral candidate in your Faculty. You must submit the complete application for admission to your Faculty within six weeks of completing the doctoral agreement with your supervisor.

Further information is available from the Dean‘s Office of your faculty as well as the Doctoral Students‘ Office:

Doctoral Students‘ Office
Phone: +49 (0) 6221 54 - 12204/12205
Office hours: Mon 10 am–12 pm
Room 136
Seminarstr. 2
69117 Heidelberg

Deadlines for applying for admission to a University faculty
There are no centralized, formal deadlines for submitting an application for admission to a Faculty. However, you should apply for admission to your Faculty soon after completing the doctoral agreement with your supervisor. Please be aware that some Faculties do set their own internal deadlines for the submission of an application for admission; therefore, you should inquire directly at the Dean’s Office or Doctoral Studies Office of your Faculty. Additionally, you will receive access to many university facilities and services (such as the central library and computer center) only after you have been admitted to your Faculty.
Further information: Step 4: Admission to the faculty.

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Structured doctoral programmes often advertise their doctoral positions (both paid and unpaid) online and in academic journals. Applicants take part in a multilevel selection process that may include contact with possible supervisors and the discussion of possible doctoral topics. If you have been accepted by a structured doctoral program, the doctoral agreement may have been completed during the application and acceptance process. You should ask the coordinator of your program if this is true in your case

Please read the following page with a comprehensive list of structured doctoral programs in Heidelberg:
► List of structured doctoral programs
► Current programs

Step 3:
in heiDOCS

heiDOCS: Your Online Doctoral File

The University has developed a web portal for doctoral candidates (heiDOCS) with which you begin the registration process and which will accompany you throughout your doctoral studies. The portal also helps you to stay informed about services for doctoral candidates at the University. Before submitting your application to the faculty, you must register in the heiDOCS portal and create your online doctoral file.(Attention: As a doctoral candidate of the Faculty of Biosciences and the Faculty of Physics and Astronomy, you


register yourself. Please contact your respective doctoral office). You will also receive your Uni ID via the portal.

Further information:
► heiDOCS web portal
► Doctoral Students' Office

Contact information:
Doctoral Students‘ Office
Phone: +49 (0) 6221 54 - 12204/12205
Office hours: Mon 10 am–12 pm
Room 136
Seminarstr. 2
69117 Heidelberg

Step 4:
Admission to
the faculty

Application for admission as a doctoral candidate to the faculty

After finding a doctoral supervisor, being admitted to the appropriate faculty at the University is the second necessary step towards beginning your doctoral studies. During the admission process, the doctoral committee will review your previous university degrees and your doctoral project to ensure that they fulfil the faculty’s prerequisites.

If your previous university degree is not equivalent to a German degree or if you are doing your doctoral studies in a subject area that differs from your previous studies, the doctoral committee may require you to do some additional coursework or pass an examination before granting you admission to the faculty.

The final admission to the faculty is issued in writing – the so-called “Annahme als Doktorand” (letter of admission). With this document, the faculty is committed to supporting your doctoral project until its completion and will assist you, for example, if you need to find a new supervisor.

If you are carrying out your doctoral studies on an individual basis, you must apply for admission to your faculty yourself. After registering in the portal, you must submit the documents listed below to the Dean‘s Office of your faculty. There is more information about applying for admission on the websites of the faculties.

Application documents

  • application form “Antrag auf Annahme als Doktorand” (this form is available in the Dean’s Office of the faculty or on many of the faculties’ websites),
  • letter of acceptance from the doctoral supervisor and/or doctoral agreement (see step 2),
  • proof of a completed university degree (as a rule, certified copies of the university diploma),
  • topic and short summary of the doctoral project,
  • curriculum vitae,
  • declaration regarding past or current doctoral studies,
  • if applicable, proof of language proficiency.

Please note that applications are processed only at certain times during the semester. We recommend that you apply for admission promptly after receiving the acceptance letter from your supervisor. Some faculties require that you submit your application within a few weeks of beginning your doctoral project.

The letter of admission (Annahme als Doktorand) grants you official status at the University and gives you access to University services. It also allows you to apply to the University and to enroll as a doctoral candidate.

Even if you have been admitted to a structured doctoral program, you must nevertheless be granted admission to the appropriate University faculty. In many but certainly not all cases, this application is taken care of by your chosen program. Therefore, you should ask your program coordinator ahead of time about the procedures applicable to your program.

Contact persons at the Dean's Offices
The staff members responsible for doctoral studies in the Dean’s Offices of the faculties are listed here:
► Contact persons at the Dean's Offices

Important: Changes in your project

You are obligated to promptly report any fundamental changes in your doctoral project to the Dean’s Office of your faculty.
Such changes could be:

  • change of topic,
  • change of supervisor,
  • discontinuation of your doctoral studies,
  • extension of your doctoral studies
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Step 5:
Admission to
the University

Admission as an international doctoral candidate at Heidelberg University

After you have received the letter of admission (Annahme als Doktorand) from your faculty, you must complete two more steps - you must apply for admission to the university and then enroll as a doctoral candidate. Enrollment is mandatory for doctoral candidates who were admitted to their faculty after April 1, 2018. See further information about this under the next tab "General Infos about Enrollment". Doctoral candidates have to pay a semester fee.

Admission periods
Admission is possible during the following periods:

  • from the beginning of December to mid-June for the summer semester,
  • from the beginning of May to mid-December for the winter semester.

In some cases, it is possible for international doctoral candidates to apply outside of the above time periods.

If you need a visa to travel to Germany, please refer to our webpage

"Regulations for entering and living in Germany"

for information on visa requirements and applications.

The first step towards enrollment is to apply for and be granted admission to the university. The following is a list of the documents necessary to apply for admission. The application form is found in the download center on the university website under “International students > Information, forms and fact sheets”.

Dual citizens

If you are a dual citizen of Germany and another country, the enrollment regulations for German citizens apply to you. In this case, please consult the Heidelberg University website "Einschreibung in die Promotion".

Application documents

  • form “Application form for admission as a PhD student”, as an original, not a photocopy or scan, bearing your original signature on page 3
  • "confirmation of admission" form specifically for enrollment, issued by your faculty (Annahme als Doktorand)
    • The form issued by your faculty must bear an original signature and the seal of the faculty.
    • The admission form cannot be older than 6 months.
    • Some faculties (such as Bioscience, Physics and Astronomy, Modern Languages and Philosophy) may use a different admission form specifically for enrollment. If you have questions, please contact our office.
  • your Uni ID. Please write your Uni ID clearly either on the application form or on the admission form from your faculty. If you do not know your Uni ID, please contact our office.
  • certified copies of your secondary school leaving certificate (e.g. Abitur, high school diploma, Attestat, Matura etc.) including transcripts of records (lists of courses and grades) and certified translations of these documents into either German or English if they were not originally issued in German or English
  • if applicable, certified copy of your university entrance examination results and certified translation of this document into either German or English if it was not originally issued in German or English
  • certified copies of all of your university diplomas (Bachelor, Master), including transcripts of records (lists of courses and grades) for each semester or year of study, and certified translations of all of these documents into either German or English if they were not originally issued in German or English
    • Applicants from China: Please note! For all school and university diplomas and transcripts, applicants from China must submit certified copies and translations that are issued by an official notary whose office is affiliated with the Chinese Ministry of Justice. Other certified copies and translations will not be accepted unless the applicant also submits an original APS certificate.

  • proof of sufficient financial resources (a concrete job offer, a copy of your work contract, your scholarship award notice, a blocked bank account etc.). This does not apply to EU citizens.
  • passport photo (4 cm x 5 cm) (optional)
  • copy of your passport (if applicable with study visa). This is for internal processing purposes only. You will be required to submit a certified copy of your passport/national ID card and, where applicable, of your valid visa or residence permit later for identification purposes when you complete your enrollment.
  • proof of German language proficiency or confirmation from your faculty that proficiency in German is not required (This does not apply to doctoral candidates in the faculties of Medicine, Bioscience, Physics and Astronomy, Mathematics and Computer Science, Engineering Science or Chemistry and Geoscience.)
  • if applicable, proof of any time spent at a German university as well as proof that you are no longer registered at that university (Exmatrikulationsbescheinigung).

A certified copy is


simply a normal photocopy of an original document. A certified copy is a photocopy of an original document that has on it the confirmation that it is a true copy of the original. The certified copy must bear the


seal and the


signature of the person who is authorized to make the certification. Certified copies can be made by the educational institution that issued the document, by German diplomatic missions, by the embassy of the country in which the document was issued, by notaries and by other public authorities who are authorized to carry out such certifications. In Germany, certified copies can be obtained at the Bürgeramt, the local municipal offices, among other places.

A photocopy or a scan of a certified copy is no longer certified and will


be accepted by the admissions office.

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do not

hand in your original diplomas and transcripts as we cannot guarantee that they will be returned to you!

You can submit the complete application to our office, the Graduate Academy Service Center, either in person or by regular postal mail (not by email). Our address is:

Universität Heidelberg
Im Neuenheimer Feld 370
69120 Heidelberg

Incomplete applications and applications sent by email will not be accepted.

The application cannot be submitted in person at the admissions office (Studentensekretariat für ausländische Studierende). We will check your application documents and forward them to the admissions office, where the application will be processed for admission. If there are any problems, we will contact you directly. Please make sure to write your email address and your full and exact postal mailing address clearly on the application form.

After a processing period of approximately three to four weeks, your letter of admission (Zulassungsbescheid) will be sent out by the admissions and enrollment office by regular mail. In the summer, especially between July and September, the processing can take much longer due to the increased workload in the admissions office.

The admissions office sends the letters of admission directly to the applicants by regular postal mail. They do not send the letters by express courier or by email. This letter gives you permission to enroll at the University and informs you about:

  • the time period during which you can enrol and
  • any additional documents you must submit for enrollment, such as proof of German language proficiency

You will also receive an information sheet that explains how to finalize your enrollment by postal mail. You can find this same information on this webpage under the tab "Enrollment" and on this university website. Because you must submit further documents to complete your enrollment, we strongly recommend that you read this information carefully in advance to ensure that the process goes smoothly.

Please note that the letter of admission (Zulassungsbescheid) is only valid for the semester for which it is issued. If you wish to enroll during a later semester, you will first have to re-apply for admission.

If you have not yet received the letter of admission from your faculty (Annahme als Doktorand), you may apply and enroll with the status "in preparation for doctoral studies”.

You may remain enrolled with this status for a maximum of two semesters. Within the two semesters, you are expected to obtain the admission to your faculty (Annahme als Doktorand) and then you must change your enrollment status (see below).

How to apply: Submit the documents as outlined in the section above entitled (in red) Applying for admission to the University but substitute a recent (issued within the past 3-4 months) and original letter of acceptance from your supervisor for the letter of admission from the faculty. This letter should be on the letterhead of the university or the university hospital and should:

- confirm that you will be pursuing doctoral studies at Heidelberg University and indicate the research group in which you will be working,
- indicate which professor at Heidelberg University will be acting as your doctoral supervisor,
- indicate the approximate time period of your doctoral studies.

If your supervisor works primarily at an external organization such as the DKFZ and does not have university letterhead, he or she should confirm in the letter which university faculty he or she belongs to.

If you are not yet admitted to your faculty, you do not need to indicate your Uni ID, unless you have already received one, for example, through an employment contract. In most cases, your Uni ID will be issued when you enroll.

To change your enrollment status to doctoral studies (Promotionsstudium) with the Anahme als Doktorand:

As soon as you have received the confirmation of your admission from your faculty (bearing the signature of the Dean and the seal of the Faculty), please submit it as an original to the admissions and enrollment office (Studentensekretariat für ausländische Studierende) along with the appropriate form (“Change of major/minor”) in order to change your status.

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General Infos
about Enrollment

Enrollment as a doctoral candidate at Heidelberg University

After you have been admitted to your faculty as a doctoral candidate, you must apply for admission and enroll at the university. Due to recent changes in the Baden-Württemberg state law governing higher education, the following rules apply to enrollment as of April 1, 2018:

  • All doctoral candidates who were admitted to their faculties on or after April 1, 2018 must enroll at the university.
  • Doctoral candidate admitted to their faculties before April 1, 2018 are not obligated to enroll. These doctoral candidates can choose whether or not they wish to enroll.
  • Enrolled doctoral candidates now make up an own status group as members of the university and as such have voting rights in certain university committees.
  • Doctoral candidates who have an employment contract of 50% or more of the regular working hours with the university or the university hospital can choose to be exempted from mandatory enrollment. In this case, for voting purposes, they belong only to the status group of academic employees. Doctoral candidates who wish to exempt themselves from enrollment should send this form to the Zentrales Doktorandenbüro to request an exemption. For information about applying for exemption from mandatory enrollment, please contact the Zentrales Doktorandenbüro (
  • Doctoral candidates can now enroll at any time during the year although it is recommended that enrollment take place before the end of the re-registration period (July 15 for the summer semester and February 15 for the winter semester).

Step 6:

Enrollment as a doctoral candidate at Heidelberg University

After you have received the letter of admission (Annahme als Doktorand) from your faculty, you must complete two more steps - you must apply for admission to the University (see on this website "Step 5: Admission to the University") and then enroll as a doctoral candidate. Enrollment is obligatory for doctoral candidates. Doctoral candidates are not required to pay tuition fees. However, in order to enroll, you will have to pay a semester fee that covers the following costs:

70.00 eurosAdministrative costs
10.00 eurosFee for the constituted student body

Social contribution for student services:
54.00 eurosStudent services fees
35.30 eurosComplementary financing of regional transit pass (Semesterticket)
2.50 eurosLevy for the use of nextbike
171.80 eurosTotal
  • access to services provided by the student services organisation Studierendenwerk, such as housing in the student dormitories, the multifunctional student ID card, child care services, legal and psychological counselling etc.,
  • discounted use of public transportation: Semesterticket or Student ID Card(evenings, weekends and holidays),
  • complete accident insurance coverage (for more information about insurances see our website).

After you have completed the procedure in Step 5 and received the letter of admission from the University (Zulassungsbescheid - this is not the Annahme als Doktorand, which you received from your Faculty), you can enroll by postal mail at the admissions and enrollment office, not at the Graduate Academy. The process of enrolling by postal mail will be explained in an information sheet that is sent to you with the Zulassungsbescheid.

The necessary enrollment documents include

  • a normal photocopy of your letter of admission to the University (Zulassungsbescheid),
  • the original of the enrollment form “Admission and Immatriculation at the University of Heidelberg”, filled out and signed. Have a look at this guide for help in filling out the form.
  • a certified photocopy of your passport and a certified copy of your valid visa or residence permit (EU/EEA nationals only require a certified copy of their identity card/passport). Regular photocopies will not be accepted.
  • one passport size photo (min. 3.5 cm x 4.5 cm and max. 4 cm x 5 cm),
  • any other documents listed on the “Zulassungsbescheid”.

These documents should be sent to the following address:

Universitätsverwaltung Heidelberg
Abteilung 7.1/Immatrikulation
Seminarstr. 2
69117 Heidelberg

Please be aware that doctoral candidates are permitted to enroll after the deadline indicated in the letter of admission if they have not yet arrived in the country. In this case, we recommend that you contact your admissions advisor listed on your letter of admission so that your admission status will remain active even after the deadline. Enrollment must be completed by the end of the re-enrollment period in the relevant semester ( ie for the winter semester - mid-February; for the summer semester - mid-July).

After receiving and processing your enrollment documents, the enrollment office will send you, by postal mail, your multifunctional student identification card, proof of successful enrollment and other important information about paying the semester fee and about setting up an online student account in LSF to manage your enrollment.

The university will send you reminders about the payment of your semester fees to the university email address that you receive through enrollment. Therefore, please remember to check this email regularly. Additionally, the university will send notifications to you by postal mail to the mailing address that is in the enrollment system. You are responsible for keeping this address current in the LSF student account system.

Doctoral candidates are not required to pay tuition fees at Heidelberg University. However, in order to enroll at the University, you will have to pay a semester fee that covers administrative costs, costs for student services and student representatives. The total fee is currently 171.80 euros per semester (as per winter semester 2021/2022).

In order to remain enrolled at the University, you must re-register each semester by paying the fee described above. The time periods for re-registration are as follows:

  • June 15 to July 15 for the winter semester,
  • January 15 to February 15 for the summer semester.

Detailed information about re-registration at the university is available on the university website "Re-Registration".


Language requirements for international doctoral candidates

Please note
The doctoral regulations of each faculty determine the languages in which a dissertation may be written. If you would like to write in a language not specified in the doctoral regulations, you must receive the permission of both your supervisor and the Dean of your faculty.

Further information:
► Language requirements for international doctoral candidates

Please be aware that the Graduate Academy and other University offices are not able to make contact with potential supervisors on your behalf.

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How do you start a PhD process? ›

How to Apply For a PhD: Step-By-Step
  1. Step 1: choose your research area. ...
  2. Step 2: decide what kind of PhD you want to do. ...
  3. Step 3: contact prospective supervisors. ...
  4. Step 4: check entry requirements. ...
  5. Step 5: check fees and potential funding options. ...
  6. Step 6: prepare to apply. ...
  7. Step 7: submit your application.

What's the difference between PhD and doctorate? ›

The essential difference between a PhD and a professional doctorate is that the possessor of a PhD has demonstrated the ability to use research skills to create original knowledge that contributes to the research and theory in a field, and a possessor of a professional doctorate has demonstrated the ability to evaluate ...

How do you write a PhD timeline? ›

Timeline of a PhD
  1. First three months. During your first 3 months you settle in and prepare an initial research plan with your supervisor. ...
  2. First six months. You can expect to spend your first 6 months undertaking literature searches and defining your project. ...
  3. Months 7-18. ...
  4. Month 9. ...
  5. Months 18-24. ...
  6. Months 24-36. ...
  7. Months 36-48.

How long is a doctoral degree? ›

A doctorate degree typically takes four to six years to complete—however, this timing depends on the program design, the subject area you're studying, and the institution offering the program.

How should I prepare for PhD? ›

Preparing a PhD Application: 10 Tips
  1. #1 Start early! ...
  2. #2 Decide what area you want to specialise in. ...
  3. #3 Spend time researching potential supervisors. ...
  4. #4 Think about your non-academic life as well. ...
  5. #5 Do some reconnaissance. ...
  6. #6 Don't put all of your eggs in one basket.
13 Oct 2021

What is higher than a PhD? ›

Post-doctoral training, and foreign degrees carry prestige and respect. However, the highest academic qualification in the United States is the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. D.) degree, and as such is the highest academic equivalency possible. Degrees beyond this degree should be addressed in a professional resume or CV.

What is the easiest PhD to get? ›

Examples of the easiest PhD programs: PhD Psychology. PhD Counselor Education and Supervision. PhD Business Management.
Online DBA program focuses:
  • DBA in General Management.
  • DBA in Organizational Leadership and Development.
  • DBA in Strategy and Innovation.

How is a PhD structured? ›

A PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) is a doctoral research degree and the highest level of academic qualification you can achieve. A PhD degree normally takes between three and four years of full-time work to complete. You'll research and write a thesis offering an original contribution to your subject.

Can you be called doctor with a doctorate? ›

In answer to the question, “Is a PhD a doctor,” the answer is yes. Both a PhD and a professional doctorate like an EdD earn you the title of “doctor.” But there are differences between the types of doctoral degrees. Learn more about a PhD vs. a professional doctorate below.

What percentage of the population has a doctorate degree? ›

Less than 2% of the world's population has a doctorate. According to the US Census Bureau, only 1.2% of the US population has a PhD. This makes having a PhD very rare.

Which is harder doctorate or PhD? ›

A doctorate degree is not easier than a PhD. They're different and both take hard work. It would be best to research the area of study you are pursuing. A PhD demands years of original research, while a doctorate degree looks at an existing body of knowledge and looks into theories created by this knowledge.

How do you write a proposed timeline? ›

In a timeline, you should include the starting and ending date of your project and important milestones. You should also make sure that there is a reference to the events that you include in your timeline in your project description. Do not include too many events as it will make your timeline difficult to read.

How do you create a research timetable? ›

Creating a study timetable
  1. Use a study timetable template. Creating or using a template to form your study plan is a good way to start. ...
  2. Create a list of study topics or tasks. ...
  3. Add in stuff you enjoy. ...
  4. Creating time slots. ...
  5. Schedule breaks. ...
  6. Focus on tasks, not time. ...
  7. Deciding what tasks to do first. ...
  8. Review and reflect.

How do you write a timeline for a research paper? ›

Your first step is to write down the due date for your paper on a big wall calendar, in your planner, and in an electronic calendar. Plan backward from that due date to determine when you should have your library work completed. A good rule of thumb is to spend: Fifty percent of your time researching and reading.

Which is the highest degree in doctor? ›

A Doctor of Medicine (MD) is the highest degree for physicians and surgeons.

Can I get a doctorate without a Masters? ›

Can You Get a PhD Without a Masters? Yes, you can get a PhD without first obtaining a master's degree. A number of universities offer direct entry to PhD programs from undergraduate or bachelor degree studies. In some cases, specific schools or programs may prefer that applicants hold a master's degree.

Can you complete a PhD in 2 years? ›

A select group of students complete their PhDs in two years, while a tiny number of elite students can get it done in 12 months. It's hard to overstate how rare and impressive this is, but it is always a possibility. The key to a fast-track PhD is building up a strong academic CV before you even start.

What is the best age to do a PhD? ›

The best age to get a PhD is three years ago. The second best time is now. In reality, the best age to get a PhD is whenever you are able to complete it. The earlier you finish your PhD, the more of a life and career you'll have with it, but there is no optimal age.

How many pages is a PhD thesis? ›

Length. Most dissertations are 100 to 300 pages in length. All dissertations should be divided into appropriate sections, and long dissertations may need chapters, main divisions, and subdivisions.

How many PhD applicants get accepted? ›

What are my odds of acceptance? This depends on both your field and program. Generally, however, it is quite difficult to gain admissions to a PhD program, and admission rates hover around 10%. Only the best students get accepted, and this is even more the case at the top schools and programs.

What is the salary after PhD? ›

PHD Student salary in India ranges between ₹ 0.4 Lakhs to ₹ 11.5 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹ 4.0 Lakhs. Salary estimates are based on 141 salaries received from PHD Students.

What's better PhD or MD? ›

While MD pertains to a higher degree in medicine, a Phd can be obtained in various fields, like arts and the sciences. A person that has a MD degree can prescribe medicines, where as a person with a Phd cannot prescribe medicines. Phd is completely research oriented.

Does a PhD make you a Doctor or professor? ›

It is widely accepted that the academic title of Professor is higher than a Doctor, given that the job title of professor is the highest academic position possible at a university. Remember that the Doctor title here refers specially to a PhD (or equivalent doctoral degree) holder and not a medical doctor.

Which PhD is most in demand? ›

Top PhD programs include physical therapy, education, administration, chemistry, and more. Political science, for example, allows you to work in one of the highest paying PhD jobs, which makes this one of the best options. PhDs involving technology are also popular.

Can I get a PhD without a dissertation? ›

In the past a dissertation was required for a PhD, but a growing number of institutions have started to offer online doctoral programs no dissertation. Instead, students may complete a capstone project to demonstrate their knowledge and provide new contributions to the field.

Can average student do PhD? ›

With sufficient motivation, you probably could. But there's a problem: you need to get into a PhD program, which is hard for an average student. Of course, there are some PhD programs with very low admission standards.

How many hours do PhD students study? ›

Many PhD students have about 40 hours a week of reading and classwork, plus around 20 hours a week of assistantship or lab time. And that's minimum. You may also be teaching while you're doing your dissertation.

Is a PhD prestigious? ›

But in fact we all know that people get PhDs because they are a required credential for most academic jobs and carry a certain valuable prestige in many contexts. They are a commodified form of cultural capital, and they can be converted in the right circumstances into financial capital.

Do you get paid while doing a PhD? ›

Yes, PhD students do get paid. If you haven't yet worked on independent research you may wonder why these PhD students are paid to study. The thing is you are considered a consumer when you are taking a bachelor's or a master's degree.

Who can put Dr in front of their name? ›

The association issued a recommendation which says that the prefix 'Dr' can only be used by practitioner of those system of medicines that are recognized by the central government. The recommendation had been accepted by the government, which has already issued an order in this regard on November 25, 2003.

Where do you put PhD in your name? ›

If the degree is listed after the name, the title is not used before the name. Chris Cameron, PhD.

How do you get the title Dr? ›

A doctoral degree (PhD) is a degree that one earns after a master's degree. A PhD entitles a person to use the title doctor. These are the social and physical scientists who conduct and evaluate published research. A PhD degree is normally obtained after six to eight years of hard work past the bachelor's degree.

How hard is a doctorate? ›

A PhD is not just three years of intense study, but something that will affect your whole life. “It is a long project that is very different to any academic work you'll have done before,” says Alicia Peña Bizama, Life Tools programme manager at the University of Reading. Psychological problems aren't uncommon.

Who has the most doctorates in the world? ›

Benjamin Bradley Bolger (born 1975) is an American perpetual student who has earned 15 degrees and claims to be the second-most credentialed person in modern history after Michael W. Nicholson (who has 30 degrees). Like Nicholson, Bolger is from Michigan. Flint, Michigan, U.S.

What are the most common PhDs? ›

Here are the top ten most popular PhD fields:
  • Chemistry, General. ...
  • Clinical Psychology. ...
  • Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering. ...
  • Psychology, General. ...
  • Education, General. ...
  • Physics, General. ...
  • English Language and Literature, General. ...
  • Audiology / Audiologist and Hearing Sciences.

Is a doctorate worth it? ›

If you're already a working professional in your field, earning a doctorate can expand your career opportunities—and increase your paycheck. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2018, doctoral degree holders earned a median weekly salary 27% higher than those with a master's degree.

Can I do master after PhD? ›

Yes, you can. But PhD is the second highest qualification anyone get (First is PDF). So studying MS after PhD has no value to your profile, unless it is very different from your academic background. If you wish to do MS please focus on non-traditional courses like machine learning, AI, Social work etc.

Why are physicians called doctors? ›

Doctor comes from the Latin word for "teacher" and originally referred to a small group of theologians who had approval from the Church to speak on religious matters. Eventually the term saw greater use referring to qualified academic and medical professionals.

How long is PhD after Masters? ›

How Long Does It Take to Get a PhD After a Master's? You may be able to complete your doctoral program in three to four years if you opt for an accelerated online program. On average, traditional on-campus PhD programs take around eight years to complete.

Can I get a PhD without a Masters? ›

Can You Get a PhD Without a Masters? Yes, you can get a PhD without first obtaining a master's degree. A number of universities offer direct entry to PhD programs from undergraduate or bachelor degree studies. In some cases, specific schools or programs may prefer that applicants hold a master's degree.

Can you do a PhD in 2 years? ›

For most PhD in politics and economics, your thesis is all you need to do. When you finish it and passed your viva, you get your PhD. So, if you are productive, you can finish it in 2 years. However, only a very very small minority of candidates can do that faster than 3 years.

How difficult is a PhD? ›

A PhD is not just three years of intense study, but something that will affect your whole life. “It is a long project that is very different to any academic work you'll have done before,” says Alicia Peña Bizama, Life Tools programme manager at the University of Reading. Psychological problems aren't uncommon.

Is a PhD worth it? ›

A PhD can hurt your finances, sink you in debt, and leave you with no clear path to success in some fields. But PhDs statistically earn more than their and have lower unemployment rates. A PhD also gives you a world-class mind, a global network, and a skill set that can go just about anywhere.

What is the easiest PhD to obtain? ›

Examples of the easiest PhD programs: PhD Psychology. PhD Counselor Education and Supervision. PhD Business Management.
Online DBA program focuses:
  • DBA in General Management.
  • DBA in Organizational Leadership and Development.
  • DBA in Strategy and Innovation.

What is the quickest PhD to get? ›

The Top Seven Fastest Online Ph.D. Programs
1Bowling Green State University
2East Carolina University
3Georgia State University
4Hampton University
3 more rows
17 Sept 2020

Can you get a doctorate without a dissertation? ›

Not all doctoral degrees require a dissertation, but most. While dissertations are still the norm for most fields, certain degree programs, such as JDs (law degrees) or DPTs (Doctor of Physical Therapy degrees), do not require dissertations.


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