How to Choose the Right Desktop PC Chipset in 2021 (2023)

Desktop chipsets are among the most complex, eternally shifting, yet least understood bits of your everyday—or extraordinary—PC. That’s by design, to an extent. The PC’s chipset, over the years, has taken on more and more functionality and simplified the jobs of other PC components. As a result, it’s become both more invisible and more tied into every aspect of what your PC can do.

That said, no one goes into buying a new PC, or upgrading or building one, with the idea, “Hey, I need a new chipset!” It’s not the actual impetus behind most upgrades, but to an extent, it’s the driver of the car. (The VIP in the chipset’s passenger seat is the system’s CPU.)

Whether you’re building a new system or doing a major upgrade, the best place to start is by picking the best CPU for what you do. You wouldn’t want to miss out on any of a CPU’s features by sticking it in an old motherboard, which is why most of us would rather hand down a complete platform to a friend or family member than shelve or sell the CPU we’re replacing. The CPU and the motherboard, and by extension the motherboard’s chipset, often go hand in hand. Though the plethora of used CPUs at auction sites could indicate that people are trying to get rid of CPUs they replaced, it could also indicate that they’re splitting up these parts to make more money. Another possible explanation: CPUs tend to live a bit longer than the boards they live on, unless they’ve been heavily overclocked through their lives.

At the core of any new motherboard, the chipset often defines which of those spectacular new CPU features are available to use, as well as the overall connectivity and even the traits of the storage that your PC can support. Before we get into which features each modern chipset unlocks, let’s consider what a chipset, in the current desktop-PC sense, even is.

Starting Off: Some Chipset Basics

First all: that tricky word “chipset.” It can be a bit misleading to those without adequate context in the last decade or two of PC development.

“Chipset” is a legacy term that, by convention, has referred to a set of silicon entities, the “Northbridge” (which typically had a graphics card interface and a memory controller), and the “Southbridge” (which typically connected other expansion slots and onboard devices). Northbridge functions, however, over the years have eventually merged with the CPU, leaving the Southbridge as the motherboard’s primary logic component.

Sometimes referred to as the platform controller hub (PCH), today’s motherboard chipset component is much more focused in what it handles and does. In practical fact, it’s now little more than a PCI Express (PCIe) hub that supports additional expansion cards and NVMe SSDs. A few additional controllers, such as Serial ATA (SATA), are also retained as part of it.

What’s left in the typical chipset here in 2021 can vary depending on whether you are talking about AMD or Intel platforms. Intel’s PCH retains audio and network codec interfaces, as well as a few legacy features, but AMD has recently relocated even those functions to the CPU package. Notice that we said “package”: Having retained the use of the word “Northbridge” even after moving those functions to the CPU, AMD has reversed some of its integration to solder a separate Northbridge component onto the little card that connects the CPU die to its socket interface.

Chipset models tend to be grouped by socket into upper-tier, middle-tier, and lower-tier to satisfy market demands at a variety of budgets. Letters "X" and "Z" typify high-end, "B" and "H" the midrange, and the "A" the low end. The number after the letter tends to sync with a given generation of CPU, though that is easier to correlate on AMD's side than Intel's. Let’s start alphabetically, with AMD.

Chipsets for AMD’s Socket AM4

AM4 is, of course, AMD's long-running socket for its mainstream Ryzen processors. As we noted earlier, we assume here that the impetus for assessing a chipset is because you have an eye on a given CPU. Picking the CPU first, on the AMD side of things, means it only makes sense looking at current products: the Ryzen 5000, 4000 and 3000 series, initially launched from 2019 onward. Most of these CPUs are CPUs only, with no on-chip graphics. The graphics-free version of these processors have integrated PCIe 4.0, replacing the integrated PCIe 3.0 of predecessors. Things get a little more complicated from there, as the X570 chipset provides 20 additional PCIe 4.0 lanes, in contrast to the X370 it replaced. The X470, meanwhile, was largely just a relabeled X370.

Early tests of the Ryzen 3000 CPUs allowed the PCIe 4.0 signals to pass from the CPU’s 24-lane controller through the motherboard to at least a PCIe x16 slot, regardless of the chipset being used. AMD later determined that certain pre-X570 motherboards lacked the signal integrity to transfer reliably at the higher data rate of PCIe 4.0. As earlier motherboards required new firmware to support newer Ryzen processors, but those updates disabled PCIe 4.0, a key feature that owners of previous motherboards thought they’d get from a simple CPU upgrade simply wasn’t there.

AMD X570: Current High-End

This is the current top-end chipset at this writing for AMD’s mainstream Ryzen CPUs. Linked via four of the CPU’s PCIe 4.0 lanes, the X570’s additional PCIe 4.0 controller offers four times the bandwidth of the X370/X470. It also costs more to manufacture and uses around three times the power. Unlike the X370/X470, most X570 motherboards include a miniature cooling fan on the chipset heat sink. That said, you may see a few 2021-model “X570S” boards out there, from the usual motherboard suspects; these newer-variant boards do not need a chipset fan.

How to Choose the Right Desktop PC Chipset in 2021 (1)

X570 also supports eight USB 3.2 Gen 2 ports natively, whereas the X370 supported only two ports at that speed, and Serial ATA port count is also increased by up to 2 ports. Both the X570 and X370/X470 allowed CPU “PCIe bifurcation,” which can redirect half the pathways from a single CPU-connected PCIe x16 slot to a second slot, working in x8/x8 mode.

How to Choose the Right Desktop PC Chipset in 2021 (2)

MSI MEG X570 Ace(Photo: Michael Sexton)

The typical buyer of X570 motherboards values a wide variety of high-speed interfaces, or the higher-capacity voltage regulators of certain high-end motherboard models. The voltage-regulator capacity and cooling can be key to running Ryzen 9 models at optimal frequencies under heavy loads, which is one reason why every buyer looking at pairing a top-end CPU with a top-end motherboard based on X570 should read a few reviews before spending their hard-earned money.

Top-Rated X570 Motherboards We Have Reviewed...

How to Choose the Right Desktop PC Chipset in 2021 (3)

Asrock X570 Phantom Gaming XReview

4.5

Outstanding

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4.0

Excellent

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MSI MEG X570 AceReview

3.5

Good

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AMD B550: The Current Ryzen Midrange

The B series chipsets are typically for power users on more of a budget. It may not provide the extra PCIe 4.0 ports of its X570 sibling, but the B550 (and its PCIe 3.0 support) marks a massive bandwidth improvement (two-fold) over the B450. And with a power rating close to that of its predecessor, the higher cooling requirements of the X570 simply go away. None of this interferes with the CPU’s integrated PCIe 4.0 support, so users still get that enhanced speed to a PCIe x16 slot (typically, for a video card) and a PCIe x4 NVMe interface (for an internal NVMe SSD).

How to Choose the Right Desktop PC Chipset in 2021 (7)

Since most users don’t need more PCIe 4.0 lane count than that provided directly from the CPU, the B550’s lower cost and power consumption makes it look like a bargain to most shoppers. A few things that might appear to spoil the bargain include better-equipped B550 motherboards costing more than lesser-optioned X570 ones. (This happens at times in motherboard vendors’ lineups.) But much of that crossover comes down to voltage-regulator capacity.

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Asus TUF Gaming B550M-Plus (Wi-Fi)(Photo: Michael Sexton)

To expand on that: Larger voltage regulators and better cooling apparatus allow higher-model processors such as the Ryzen 9 series to run at a higher frequency under heavier load, while lesser parts can cause thermal or electrical current throttling. Picking a motherboard (and looking at reviews) that was tested with the same CPU as your intended one (or perhaps one model higher) can offer additional assurance that you’ll get all the performance you expected.

Minor additional drawbacks to B550, such as the B550’s potential lower USB 3.2 Gen 2 count (up to two ports) are easily spotted in motherboard specifications, so no greater warning than “read the reviews” need apply with this chipset.

Top-Rated B550 Motherboards We Have Reviewed...

How to Choose the Right Desktop PC Chipset in 2021 (9)

MSI MAG B550 TomahawkReview

4.0

Excellent

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Asus TUF Gaming B550M-Plus (Wi-Fi)Review

4.0

Excellent

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Asrock B550 TaichiReview

3.0

Average

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AMD B550A: Midrange Ryzen, Enhanced

Remember what we said a few paragraphs back about AMD’s concern for older motherboards not providing enough signal integrity to run PCIe 4.0 between the Ryzen 3000 CPUs' integrated controller and graphics card?

Seeing as almost a year passed between the launch of the X570 and the B550 chipsets, some impatient manufacturers pressured AMD to certify their previous-generation B450 models to support that link at full speed. The resulting spinoff chipset, the B550A, was in essence a relabeled B450, and the new label came with firmware that unlocked the CPU’s PCIe 4.0 capability. Devices connected through the chipset were still limited to PCIe 2.0, as the chipset specifications did not change.

This will be moot, for the most part, to all but buyers of prebuilt systems, however. Since all B550A designs have been for OEM prebuilt systems, single-motherboard buyers will mainly find motherboards based on this chipset either used, or as liquidation parts.

AMD A520: The AMD Budget Chipset

Now here’s the current-generation budget option. Neither the Ryzen 3000 nor the Ryzen 5000 series CPUs are supported by the A520’s predecessor (the A320), so the fact that the newer chipset supports PCIe 3.0, while the older one was limited to 2.0, bears no weight. Weightier is that the A520 limits the CPU’s PCIe 4.0 controller to PCIe 3.0 mode. Worse is that most of the motherboards that use this chipset have mid-sized voltage regulators with undersized (or even no) heat sinks.

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What all of this means is that the A520 is a chipset for cheapskates, or at least for lower-end Ryzen chips. Sure, there are a bunch of A320-based boards that list support for 16-core/32-thread Ryzen 9 processors, but the ability of these boards to support those processors at full load without clocking down to frequencies in the hundreds of MHz (rather than in GHz) is doubtful.

Meanwhile, the A520 doesn’t even support the Radeon graphics-equipped Ryzen 5 3400G or Ryzen 3 3200G that’s supported by both the high-end X570 and the outdated A320(Opens in a new window), though it does support the (OEM-only) Ryzen 3 Pro 4350G, Ryzen 5 Pro 4650G, and Ryzen 7 4750G. The fact that those later processors are scaled back to PCIe 3.0 perfectly matches the capabilities of these boards…if you can find the processors. Though these Ryzen 4000G-series CPUs are supposed to be sold only by OEM system builders.

That said, the newer Ryzen 5000G series chips are also an option with A520. Those details make the A520 an acceptable starting point for a low-cost office PC with solid overall performance. Better still, budget gamers looking at older prebuilt PCs (and who can’t find one with a cheap graphics card installed) can at least get some integrated graphics performance, ranging from sufferable with the 4350G to playable with the 4750G across many gaming titles, if they’re willing to turn down the quality settings. And with the new 5000G-series Ryzen CPUs available by themselves at retail, A520 becomes a viable board chipset choice for extreme budget gamers who are building or upgrading.

Chipsets for Intel’s LGA 1200: The Latest Intel Options

Intel refreshes its sockets a bit more frequently than AMD, with two LGA 1200 platform series going back only a single year. That makes it completely necessary to pick up a recent motherboard model if you’re starting with a new Intel CPU. And with 12th Generation "Alder Lake" chips expected later this year on yet another new socket, all this may soon become a history lesson.

Intel quickly switched from its 10th to 11th Generation of Core processor architectures in March, and going back to the 10th Generation (“Comet Lake”) means going all the way back to PCIe 3.0. The newer 11th Generation CPUs (“Rocket Lake”) feature twice as many lanes to the chipset as their 10th Generation predecessors, making any combination of the two cumbersome at best. Other problems of using an Intel 400-series-chipset motherboard with 11th Generation processors range from PCIe 4.0 being kicked down to PCIe 3.0, to the newer CPUs’ four additional PCIe connections having no interface, to certain 400-series motherboards not supporting the new 11th Gen processors at all. So we’re focusing here on the Intel 500-series chipsets. In 2021, you should too.

Intel Z590: Today's 'High-End Mainstream'

The added bandwidth between 11th Generation Core processors and the Z590 allows it to add three USB 3.2 Gen 2x2 ports, but little else, versus the Z490. (Those ports are seldom leveraged to the full by anything but the very fastest modern external SSDs, like the WD Black P50.) Both chipset-based controllers are (and were) PCIe 3.0, with the newer platform (CPU and chipset) relying on that new 11th Gen CPU to provide 20 PCIe 4.0 connections. Since PCIe 4.0 is key to supporting the fastest NVMe SSD speeds, an additional x4 interface is available on these boards.

How to Choose the Right Desktop PC Chipset in 2021 (13)

MSI MEG Z590 Ace(Photo: Michael Sexton)

Even though PCIe 4.0 is a CPU feature, Intel prefers to limit CPU PCIe bifurcation to Z-series motherboards. Thus, you’ll want the Z590 if you plan on running that CPU’s x16/x4 combo to three (x8/x8/x4) or four (x8/x4/x4-/x4) PCI Express devices. While Z-series motherboards focus on gaming and overclocking, its PCIe flexibility also makes it a great platform for mid-priced workstations or prosumer (workstation apps on a standalone system) PCs. Target users include overclockers, performance enthusiasts, and content creators.

Top-Rated Z590 Motherboards We Have Reviewed...

How to Choose the Right Desktop PC Chipset in 2021 (14)

Asus Z590 ROG Maximus XIII HeroReview

4.0

Excellent

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Gigabyte Z590 Aorus XtremeReview

3.5

Good

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MSI MEG Z590 AceReview

3.5

Good

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Intel H570: Solid for Tweaking, Too

Formerly forcing buyers to get a Z-series motherboard to overclock, Intel recently unlocked its H570 and B560 for this purpose. You’ll still need a K-series (unlocked) Intel Core processor to do that tweaking, but at least users who don’t want to pay for the Z-series CPU PCIe bifurcation (that is, splitting the CPU’s PCIe 4.0 to additional devices) get some financial relief with H570.

Most of the H570’s cutbacks can be viewed directly when picking a motherboard: While you may find three USB 3.2 Gen 2x2 ports on a Z590, the H570 supports two at most. Yet because features like these aren’t always fully implemented, differences other than CPU PCIe bifurcation might not even be present when comparing H570 and Z590 models.

The price savings for the chipset itself isn’t very large, which means that better-equipped H570 boards can cost more than lower-segment Z590 models. The most important feature might not even be the chipset but the voltage regulator, as some lower-cost motherboards use lesser components that won’t hold the CPU’s maximum frequency for as long under high CPU loads. And though overclockers often understand cooling and power-setting tricks to reduce such throttling, it’s best to have a solid starting point (and that, again, means reading reviews of specific boards).

What all of this means is that the typical H570 buyer looks like a Z590 buyer who doesn’t need to split the CPU’s x16 pathways across multiple devices.

Intel B560: A More Limited Midrange Pick

The next step down from H570, the B560 chipset starts off with a drop in CPU interface from eight to four lanes. With half the bandwidth, it’s no surprise that the chipset also has half the PCIe 3.0 connectivity versus the Z590. We could jump forward to say that you’ll see Intel’s cutbacks reflected in the reduced interfaces found on most motherboards, but this is also the most expensive chipset to lack SATA RAID support, for those buyers who still use it.

Yet something even bigger is afoot regarding many B560 boards: What looks like a performance deficit(Opens in a new window) for certain models actually reflects manufacturers’ disregard for Intel’s CPU power limits on other motherboard models. When everything else in a review is running above spec, those specific B560 boards may appear rather slow. Overclockers can typically configure affected boards to ignore power thresholds, but most casual PC builders won’t do that.

The story gets worse for B560 models that have smaller voltage regulators or undersized regulator coolers. Many of those will throttle back the CPU to protect that weak voltage regulator, particularly when using higher-model processors that have more cores. Intel may have unlocked the B560 for CPU overclocking, but overclocking requires the builder to be starting out with one of the best-available B560 models. Again we say, read reviews.

Apart from a few diehard value fanatics trying to make a point by using specifically optimized B560 motherboard models, the best market for Intel’s B560 lies with builders who only need high performance for a few seconds at a time, such as general-purpose home PC users using typical productivity software.

Intel H510

If the caveats we mentioned for the B560 didn’t bother you, the H510 might be a good fit. While a few B560 models don’t even have a voltage-regulator heat sink, that economization applies to most H510 models. There are no CPU overclocking options, so that any beefing up done to these boards is useful only for reducing thermal or power (electrical current) throttling. As most H510 motherboards are lightweights, we’ll offer a general recommendation to use Intel’s 65-watt processor models, perhaps choosing one of the beefier H510 models for the eight-core chips.

From a feature standpoint, we can start with the B560 feature set and eliminate one of its three integrated graphics outputs (two remain), half of its PCIe 3.0 lanes (six remain), and both of its potential USB 3.2 Gen 2x2 ports. With so few interfaces, manufacturers therefore typically apply the H510 chipset to boards in either the Mini-ITX or MicroATX form factor.

Intel stated that H510 boards won’t even support its Extreme Memory Profiles (XMP) technology, but we’ve seen various manufacturers implement XMP anyway. As XMP is an overclocking technology, that means some H510 models have memory overclocking controls, at least within the processor’s approved limit (DDR4-3200 for the Core i9-11900K, DDR4-2933 for other Core i5, i7, and i9 chips). Parroting the above: Yes, reading reviews is key, but since the capability is either there or not, this is a situation where the manufacturer’s claims alone could suffice for assessing one H510 versus another.

Given its restrictions, the H510 still looks like a viable choice for a low-cost office or home-office PC.

Intel Core X-Series and AMD Ryzen Threadripper: The Chipset Scoop on HEDT

The above chipsets we’ve discussed so far support what the industry classes as “mainstream” desktop CPUs. But with up to 16 cores on some Ryzen 9 chips nowadays, it’s hard to argue that the top CPU models offer merely “mainstream” performance. That said, both companies still offer so-called “High End Desktop” (HEDT) families, and these can provide even more cores (up to 18 for Intel, up to a staggering 64 for AMD). The platforms are truly optimized for connectivity.

AMD’s first two generations of Ryzen Threadripper chips, derived from its EPYC server processor line, employed a chipset known as X399. With 2019's third-generation Threadrippers like the Threadripper 3960X, AMD’s TRX40 chipset came to the fore; these newest Threadrippers don’t work with X399 or its TR4 socket.

How to Choose the Right Desktop PC Chipset in 2021 (17)

Asrock TRX40 Taichi(Photo: Michael Sexton)

TRX40 was designed around the third-gen Ryzen Threadripper processors and offers 56 lanes of PCIe 4.0 directly from the CPU to a combination of standard PCIe and NVMe slots. TRX40 launched in late 2019.

Intel’s HEDT equivalent is its now-venerable Core X-Series, headed by the Core i9-10980XE Extreme Edition, which has for some time relied on the X299 chipset, the follow-on from X99. Intel’s initial run of the X299 chipset was refreshed in late 2019 ("X299X"), with the newer motherboards offering up to 48 lanes of PCIe 3.0 directly from the CPU to a combination of standard PCIe and NVMe slots. Earlier X299-based boards were designed around the 44-lane limit of Intel's previous top Core X processor models.

How to Choose the Right Desktop PC Chipset in 2021 (18)

Asrock X299 Taichi CLX(Photo: Michael Sexton)

Both platforms include four-channel memory controllers, but that, again, is a CPU feature. Neither firm’s HEDT chipset is particularly outstanding relative to the mainstream ones in 2021, with AMD’s offering similar features to its “mainstream” X570 and Intel’s offering similar features to its now positively geriatric Z170. Since each manufacturer offers only one desktop chipset for its current HEDT processors, there’s really nothing else to compare. The entire focus of both companies rests with what the CPU itself has to offer.

Top-Rated HEDT Motherboards We Have Reviewed...

How to Choose the Right Desktop PC Chipset in 2021 (19)

Asrock X299 Taichi CLXReview

4.0

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Excellent

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Gigabyte X299 Aorus Gaming 9Review

4.0

Excellent

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MSI X399 Gaming Pro Carbon ACReview

4.0

Excellent

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So, What About Choosing Between AMD and Intel?

To an extent, if you have your heart set on a given CPU, the chipset choices will follow. Even so, it’s worth looking at things from a usage-case perspective, too.

Need lots of PCIe for fast storage or additional GPUs?Both the X570 and Z590 unlock PCIe 4.0 lanes on the CPU for multiple devices, so that users can go from the stock x16/x4 split of both brands to x8/x8/x4. Intel’sZ590 even lets users take that down to x8/x4/x4/x4to run three NVMe (PCIe over M.2) SSDs along with a graphics card (in x8 mode), assuming the board has the requisite connectors. And, both chipsets offer full bandwidth to the chipset, Intel at PCIe 3.0 x8 and AMD at PCIe 4.0 x4. The chipset-based PCIe 4.0 interfaces of AMD’sX570 could benefit individual chipset-connected drives, but multiple drives will share the same CPU-link bottleneck as found in the Z590. So depending on whether your focus is on CPU-connected or chipset-connected drives, either chipset could win on that score.

Lesser chipsets face tougher bottlenecks, with the AMD B550 and Intel B560 both having a PCIe 3.0 x4 link to the CPU; both also prevent the 16 primary lanes from being divided up across multiple devices, but users still get x16/x4 to support a single graphics card and a single drive without suffering the bottleneck of the chipset link. Intel’s H570 falls in the middle, with no further restrictions to its CPU-chipset link, but stuck at x16/x4.

Want a big overclock?Intel beats AMD in CPU overclocking capability, but AMD fans will rightly argue that Intel’s processors are starting from a bigger performance deficit. With the AMD X570 and B550 (and the Intel Z590, H570, and B560) all unlocked for overclocking, voltage regulation (current capacity, as well as cooling) becomes the greatest determining factor. For that we suggest turning to individual product reviews, keeping in mind that a high-end AMD B550 or Intel H570 might have a better voltage regulator than a low-end AMD X570 or Intel Z590. There are so many board models out there that no one tests them all by a long shot.

Looking for just a little performance optimization?Tweaking the memory is a great place to start (if you're schooled in the nuances of that), but the AMD B550 lost its overclocking claim over budget builders when Intel unlocked its H570 and B560. Intel still requires the CPU also be unlocked (that is, that it be a K-series chip), however. Digging further down, Intel motherboards automatically switch the memory controller to half-speed (Gear 2 mode) at either DDR4-2933 or DDR4-3200, while AMD supports it up to DDR4-3600. System tuners should feel comfortable switching an Intel motherboard back to Gear 1 mode to support DDR4-3600 but doing so may push the CPU over its default power threshold, which requires further firmware adjustments. AMD takes a slight lead here, though there’s little difference between chipset models in this regard.

Looking for a cheap build or upgrade?Getting the most out of stock hardware still requires a system that delivers adequate power under load. A higher-wattage processor can force the motherboard to thermally throttle when heavily loaded, but for those who simply want good burst performance, a low-end motherboard such as an A520 or H510 will do. Just keep CPU compatibility in mind, as the A520 doesnotsupport third-generation Ryzen APUs, and compatible fourth-gen Ryzen “G” models can be hard to find. (The Ryzen 5000G-series has come to the rescue, though.)

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FAQs

Which computer processor is best for 2021? ›

Intel Core i5-12600K

It's one of the strongest picks right now if what you want is great value for money, currently costing just $260 for a 3.7GHz base clock speed and 10 cores, 6 of which are multi-threaded Performance Cores.

Which desktop chipset is best? ›

Search Best Processors
RankDevicePopularity
1Intel Core i9-12900KS Processor DirectX 12.000.0
2Intel Core i9-12900K Processor DirectX 12.000.9
3Intel Core i9-12900KF Processor DirectX 12.000.2
4Intel Core i7-12700K Processor DirectX 12.000.7
62 more rows
May 5, 2022

How do I choose a motherboard chipset? ›

Which chipset should you get? Your CPU choice will dictate your compatible chipset options, and if you opt for the highest-end consumer Intel or AMD chips (Core X or Threadripper), you'll only have one choice (X299 for Intel or X399 for AMD).

How do I know what processor to get? ›

If you want to know how to choose a CPU, you need to consider cores and threads. Cores are like individual processors of their own, all packed together on the same chip. Traditionally, they can perform one task each at a time, meaning that more cores make a processor better at multitasking.

What is the fastest processor for a desktop? ›

A 64-Core TR 3990X Is Faster Than A 16-Core 5950X

AMD's 64-core, with 128 threads, Ryzen ThreadRipper 3990X desktop PC processor is considered the world's fastest CPU in 2021. The CPU features a 2.9 GHz base clock and a 4.3 GHz max boost clock that facilitates multitasking and fast load times.

Is i7 better than i5? ›

Intel Core i7 processors are typically faster and more capable than Core i5 CPUs. The latest i7 chips offer up to six cores and 12 threads, making them better suited for advanced multitasking.

Which chipset is better for gaming? ›

The Best AMD Gaming Motherboards: X570(S), B550, TRX40, X470 and B450. AMD's current flagship X570/X570S chipset brings with it full support for PCIe 4.0, including devices connected to both its CPU-integrated and chipset-based PCIe controllers, and the transfer rate between the CPU and chipset is likewise doubled.

Which is the latest chipset? ›

Intel Desktop Chipsets
Product NameStatusUSB Revision
Intel® H310 ChipsetLaunched3.1/2.0
Intel® Z370 ChipsetLaunched3.0/2.0
Intel® X299 ChipsetLaunched3.0/2.0
Intel® Q250 ChipsetLaunched3.0/2.0
39 more rows

Is Intel or AMD better? ›

Intel battle is quite clearly defined: If your software and tasks can take advantage of more cores and threads, AMD's processors are better, as they have more. Intel's offerings aren't slouches, especially at the higher end, but chip to chip, AMD offers more cores for the same kind of money.

Does chipset matter for motherboard? ›

Does a Motherboard's Chipset Matter? Yes, it is essential. Which chipset is on a motherboard is the main deciding factor for compatibility in a modern motherboard. CPU, RAM, and PCI Express lane support are the most important features to consider when selecting a chipset.

Do CPU and motherboard chipsets have to match? ›

The socket cannot be swapped out and will require a full motherboard replacement should you need to take advantage of another interface. But just because the socket matches your CPU, it doesn't mean the motherboard will be compatible with it. This is where the chipset comes into play.

What is difference between chipset and motherboard? ›

Chipset vs motherboard

The chipset is a permanent fixture of the motherboard, but it must be compatible with the components or features you want to use. Since a chipset cannot be upgraded, the motherboard's sockets need to fit your CPU and the chipset on the motherboard must work optimally with that CPU as well.

How much RAM is enough? ›

As far as phones and tablets go, there's been a race to the top recently when it comes to RAM. So although you reasonably only need 4 GB of RAM on your Android or iPhone, the standard for newly released smartphones is 8 GB. And unless you're really tech savvy, you can't upgrade your phone's RAM.

How do I choose a 2022 CPU? ›

  1. Overall Best CPU for Gaming: Intel Core i5-12400. Alternate: AMD Ryzen 5 5600.
  2. High Performance Value Best CPU for Gaming: Intel Core i9-12900K. Alternate: AMD Ryzen 9 5950X.
  3. Overall Value Best CPU for Gaming: AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D. ...
  4. Mid-Range Best CPU for Gaming: Intel Core i5-12600K.
  5. Budget Best CPU for Gaming: Core i3-12100.
Jul 30, 2022

Is i5 or i7 better for gaming? ›

The Intel Core i5 is an all-purpose processor that offers solid performance for gaming, web browsing, and doing basic work. The Intel Core i7 has more processing power and is better for high-performance gaming, content creation, multimedia editing, and specialized applications.

Which is the fastest chipset? ›

As far as the Android phone is concerned, the Qualcomm Snapdragon 888, Dimensity 1000+, and the Huawei Kirin 9000 are the best phone processors. Although the Snapdragon 888 has gotten higher scores than the Kirin 9000, but Kirin 9000 has a more powerful AI performance.

What makes computer faster RAM or processor? ›

The faster a processor is able to do that, the faster your computer will be. This is because it takes the processor to load and retrieve information from RAM. In essence, you could have unlimited RAM, but if your processor can only handle a certain workload, you'll notice no speed difference.

What is the fastest processor in 2022? ›

Intel launches the world's fastest desktop CPU - an unlocked 5.5 GHz Core i9. Intel announced at CES 2022 the 12th gen processor Core i9-12900KS, which can run at 5.5GHz max frequency. The chip can hit the speed on up to two cores for the first time, giving the ultimate performance to hardcore gamers.

Is Ryzen better than Intel? ›

At their debut, the Ryzen 5000 series were the highest-performing chips on the market and beat Intel in every metric that matters, including gaming, application performance, power consumption, and thermals, but Intel's successful Alder Lake counterattack swung the tables in Team Blue's favor.

Is Ryzen 7 better than i7? ›

Winner: Tie. Both Intel's Core i7-9700K and AMD's Ryzen 7 2700X offer ample performance for day-to-day productivity work. AMD's higher number of threads give it in the advantage in some applications, while Intel's higher clock speeds help in others.

Is Ryzen 5 better than i5? ›

The Intel Core i5-12600K outperforms the Ryzen 5 5600X for the same price, but there's more to the story here. The initial platform entry cost is a lot higher in the case of the Intel chip. You'll need a new motherboard, new DDR5 memory to get the performance out of the chip, and a new CPU cooler too.

What is the best processor for laptop 2021? ›

  • AMD Ryzen 5 2600. ...
  • Intel Core i9-7920X X-Series Processor. ...
  • AMD Ryzen 5 3600 6-Core. 9.50 / 10. ...
  • AMD Ryzen 7 2700X Processor. 9.55 / 10. ...
  • Intel Core i7-3770. 8.95 / 10. ...
  • AMD YD299XAZAFWOF Ryzen Threadripper 2990WX Processor. 8.80 / 10. ...
  • Intel Core i9-9900X X-Series Processor. 8.75 / 10. ...
  • Intel Core i9-9940X X-Series Processor. 8.00 / 10.
Jan 22, 2021

Which is better Ryzen or Intel? ›

The speed of ryzen is better than intel when it comes to multi-tasking and single-tasking. We can see that ryzen 5 has 6 core and 12 thread whereas intel CPU has a higher clock speed as well as 4 physical core and 8 thread. this clearly indicates that ryzen is providing much better speed.

Is Intel or AMD better? ›

Intel battle is quite clearly defined: If your software and tasks can take advantage of more cores and threads, AMD's processors are better, as they have more. Intel's offerings aren't slouches, especially at the higher end, but chip to chip, AMD offers more cores for the same kind of money.

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